Arabian wolves are primarily carnivores and are more than capable of preying on animals as large as goats. As a result, farmers consider them predators and will often trap, shoot or poison the wolves in order to protect their own livestock.
Another issue is the public perception of the animals. While Arabian wolves do prefer to feast on meat, they also sometimes feed on human food waste. This means that the creatures can be found close to human settlements, causing panic among the population there.
In Israel, a series of encounters between wolves and humans – some of which resulted in bite attacks – near the Israeli tourist havens of Masada and Ein Gedi sparked outrage in 2017. Consequently, nature reserve managers laid out traps in a bid to stem the advance of the animals. However, some locals believed that the wolf population should be removed altogether.